On: Balance

“Objects are immediately seen as having a certain size as well as having a location in space.  No object is seen as being unique or isolated.  A scale of size, a scale of brightness, or a scale of distance is always present in the total visual/perceptual field.”

“To be seen, an object must be assigned a place in the whole. Perception involves not only the placement of objects, shapes, colors, etc. but an interplay of directed tensions.  These tensions are not created by the viewer but are inherent forces within the image.”

“Balance is a state wherein the forces acting upon an object compensate for the presence of each other.  A pure state of balance causes all action to cease.”

“Balance does not require symmetry.”

“The properties of weight and direction are always dynamic.”

“Weight depends on a location or visual composition.  Strong compositions support more visual weight than weak or off-center compositions that do not respect the natural horizontal/vertical grid structure of any visual field.”

“Perception may be influenced by the viewer’s intrinsic interest in an image, or by the viewer’s hopes, fears, and knowledge.”

“We live in a space where dynamics vary with direction.  Top and bottom seem to mean more to us than right or left.”

“Moving away from the center of gravity requires work.”

“In a visual system, weight and direction cause movement, or a state of imbalance that must be stabilized in order to bring the system back to equilibria.”


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Artist, Designer & Photographer